COVID-19 Pandemic: How, When and Where?

Muhammad Rafaih Iqbal


  • Muhammad Rafaih Iqbal Muhammad Rafaih Iqbal, Specialist Registrar Colorectal Surgery, Health Education England, East of England, United Kingdom.



Covid-19, Coronavirus, timeline, pandemic, death


Who would have thought on the sunset of 2019 what 2020 was bringing on!
From the day COVID-19 originated it has sent shock waves across the globe irrespective of the religion, race, gender and power. From the outbreak in Wuhan, it has crossed all borders and has spread at varying speed across the globe.[1] The preparations for it by all the countries have left a big question mark.


Download data is not yet available.


Ullah E. The novel coronavirus outbreak: A challenge beyond borders. Pak J Surg Med. 2020;1(1):8-9. Available from: doi: 10.5281/zenodo.3595117.

WHO. Coronavirus (COVID-19) [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Apr 6]. Available from:

John Hopkins. Coronavirus Resource Center [Internet]. 2020 [cited 2020 Apr 6]. Available from:

Huang C, Wang Y, Li X, Ren L, Zhao J, Hu Y, Zhang L, Fan G, Xu J, Gu X, Cheng Z, Yu T, Xia J, Wei Y, Wu W, Xie X, Yin W, Li H, Liu M, Xiao Y, Gao H, Guo L, Xie J, Wang G, Jiang R, Gao Z, Jin Q, Wang J, Cao B. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020 Feb 15;395(10223):497-506. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5. Epub 2020 Jan 24. Erratum in: Lancet. 2020 Jan 30;: PMID: 31986264; PMCID: PMC7159299.

University of Oxford: Oxford COVID-19 vaccine begins human trial stage [Internet]. [cited 2020 Apr 25]. Available from:

Clinical Trials Arena: BioNTech and Pfizer get German approval for Covid-19 vaccine trial [Internet]. [cited 2020 Apr 25]. Available from:



How to Cite

Iqbal, M. R. . (2020). COVID-19 Pandemic: How, When and Where? : Muhammad Rafaih Iqbal. Pakistan Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 1(2), 127-132.