Assessment of psychosocial work environment of doctors
Zainab Bashir Khan, Aima Pervaiz, Arooma Majid, Ahmed Toheed
Keywords:work environment, burnout, stress
Psychosocial work environments pertain to interpersonal and social interactions that influence behavior and development in the workplace.
To test a comprehensive and theory-based psychosocial work environment questionnaire and analyze associations with mental health in a sample of doctors in a tertiary care hospital in Lahore, Pakistan.
The design of study is cross-sectional study. It took place at Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore, from March 2017 to june 2017.A sample size of 100 working doctors was selected. Technique was non probability. After an informed consent each doctor was given the NRCWE’s Copenhagen short questionnaire consisting of 39 questions. The analysis of data was entered in SPSS 21. . After calculating frequency of data and explaining demographic variables, Independent t test sampling was applied and tables and pie chart was drawn.
Results : Results reported worse working conditions in terms of stress, burnout, work family conflict and social support from superiors. High levels of stress and burnout were found. Doctors were almost satisfied with their jobs ( scores near to average but less than average ). Male doctors were found to be more satisfied with their jobs than female doctors.
Fernandes C, Pereira A. Exposure to psychosocial risk factors in the context of work: a systematic review. Rev Saude Publica. 2016;50:24. Availabe from: doi: 10.1590/S1518-8787.2016050006129.
Azad AA, QURRAT-UL-AIN S, Nisar N, Ashfaq M, MUNIR A, Ahmed A, et al. PREVALENCE OF STRESS AND BURNOUT AMONG DENTISTS OF RAWALPINDI and ISLAMABAD. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal. 2013;33(3).
Inoue A, Kawakami N, Shimomitsu T, Tsutsumi A, Haratani T, Yoshikawa T, Shimazu A, Odagiri Y. Development of a short questionnaire to measure an extended set of job demands, job resources, and positive health outcomes: the new brief job stress questionnaire. Ind Health. 2014;52(3):175-89. Available from: doi: 10.2486/indhealth.2013-0185.
Bernburg M, Vitzthum K, Groneberg DA, Mache S. Physicians’ occupational stress, depressive symptoms and work ability in relation to their working environment: a cross-sectional study of differences among medical residents with various specialties working in German hospitals. BMJ Open. 2016;6(6):e011369. Available from: doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-011369
Umene-Nakano W, Kato TA, Kikuchi S, Tateno M, Fujisawa D, Hoshuyama T, Nakamura J. Nationwide survey of work environment, work-life balance and burnout among psychiatrists in Japan. PLoS One. 2013;8(2):e55189. Available from: doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055189.
Wittchen HU, Jacobi F, Rehm J, Gustavsson A, Svensson M, Jönsson B, Olesen J, Allgulander C, Alonso J, Faravelli C, Fratiglioni L, Jennum P, Lieb R, Maercker A, van Os J, Preisig M, Salvador-Carulla L, Simon R, Steinhausen HC. The size and burden of mental disorders and other disorders of the brain in Europe 2010. Eur Neuropsychopharmacol. 2011;21(9):655-79. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.euroneuro.2011.07.018.
Gao J, Wang J, Yu D, Dai J, Zhu Y, Fu H. Associations between psychosocial work environments and social capital: a multilevel analysis study in a Chinese context. BMC Public Health. 2018;18(1):976. Available from: doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5916-5.
Andreassen CN, Eriksen JG. The psychosocial work environment among physicians employed at Danish oncology departments in 2009. A nationwide cross-sectional study. Acta Oncol. 2013;52(1):138-46. Available from: doi: 10.3109/0284186X.2012.702926.
Elmi S, Hassankhani H, Abdollahzadeh F, Jafar Abadi MA, Scott J, Nahamin M. Validity and Reliability of the Persian Practice Environment Scale of Nursing Work Index. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 2017;22(2):106-111. Available from: doi: 10.4103/1735-9066.205953.
Blake N, Mills M, Guerrero V. Radiology nursing staff use the HWE assessment tool to improve the work environment. AACN Adv Crit Care. 2012;23(2):128-32. Available from: doi: 10.1097/NCI.0b013e3182501cb8.
Abarghouei MR, Sorbi MH, Abarghouei M, Bidaki R, Yazdanpoor S. A study of job stress and burnout and related factors in the hospital personnel of Iran. Electron Physician. 2016;8(7):2625-32. Available from: doi: 10.19082/2625.
Ager A, Pasha E, Yu G, Duke T, Eriksson C, Cardozo BL. Stress, mental health, and burnout in national humanitarian aid workers in Gulu, northern Uganda. J Trauma Stress. 2012;25(6):713-20.Available from: doi: 10.1002/jts.21764.
Åhlin J, Ericson-Lidman E, Norberg A, Strandberg G. A comparison of assessments and relationships of stress of conscience, perceptions of conscience, burnout and social support between healthcare personnel working at two different organizations for care of older people. Scand J Caring Sci. 2015;29(2):277-87. Available from: doi: 10.1111/scs.12161.
Al-Dubai SA, Ganasegeran K, Perianayagam W, Rampal KG. Emotional burnout, perceived sources of job stress, professional fulfillment, and engagement among medical residents in Malaysia. ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:137620. Available from: doi: 10.1155/2013/137620.
Aggarwal S, Kusano AS, Carter JN, Gable L, Thomas CR Jr, Chang DT. Stress and Burnout Among Residency Program Directors in United States Radiation Oncology Programs. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2015;93(4):746-53. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.08.019.
Aghilinejad M, Sadeghi Z, Abdullah A, Sarebanha S, Bahrami-Ahmadi A. Role of occupational stress and burnout in prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among embassy personnel of foreign countries in Iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J. 2014;16(5):e9066. Available from: doi: 10.5812/ircmj.9066.
Crawford L, Gutierrez G, Harber P. Work environment and occupational health of dental hygienists: a qualitative assessment. J Occup Environ Med. 2005;47(6):623-32. Available from: doi: 10.1097/01.jom.0000165744.47044.2b.
Klein J, Grosse Frie K, Blum K, von dem Knesebeck O. Burnout and perceived quality of care among German clinicians in surgery. Int J Qual Health Care. 2010;22(6):525-30. Available from: doi: 10.1093/intqhc/mzq056.
Sehlen S, Vordermark D, Schäfer C, Herschbach P, Bayerl A, Pigorsch S, Rittweger J, Dormin C, Bölling T, Wypior HJ, Zehentmayr F, Schulze W, Geinitz H. Job stress and job satisfaction of physicians, radiographers, nurses and physicists working in radiotherapy: a multicenter analysis by the DEGRO Quality of Life Work Group. Radiat Oncol. 2009;4:6. Available from: doi: 10.1186/1748-717X-4-6.
Bjorner JB, Pejtersen JH. Evaluating construct validity of the second version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire through analysis of differential item functioning and differential item effect. Scand J Public Health. 2010;38(3 Suppl):90-105. Available from: doi: 10.1177/1403494809352533.
Aust B, Rugulies R, Skakon J, Scherzer T, Jensen C. Psychosocial work environment of hospital workers: validation of a comprehensive assessment scale. Int J Nurs Stud. 2007;44(5):814-25. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2006.01.008.
Chen JY, Lexa FJ. Baseline Survey of the Neuroradiology Work Environment in the United States with Reported Trends in Clinical Work, Nonclinical Work, Perceptions of Trainees, and Burnout Metrics. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2017;38(7):1284-1291. Available from: doi: 10.3174/ajnr.A5215.
Akintola O, Hlengwa WM, Dageid W. Perceived stress and burnout among volunteer caregivers working in AIDS care in South Africa. J Adv Nurs. 2013;69(12):2738-49. Available from: doi: 10.1111/jan.12166.
Adler AB, Adrian AL, Hemphill M, Scaro NH, Sipos ML, Thomas JL. Professional Stress and Burnout in U.S. Military Medical Personnel Deployed to Afghanistan. Mil Med. 2017;182(3):e1669-e1676. Available from: doi: 10.7205/MILMED-D-16-00154.
Genaidy AM, Rinder MM, A-Rehim AD. The work compatibility improvement framework: an assessment of the worker-work environment interaction in the manufacturing sector. Ergonomics. 2008;51(8):1195-218. Available from: doi: 10.1080/00140130802037297.
How to Cite
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
Under CC-BY Liscence, you are free to
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- for any purpose, even commercially.
Please cite the author everytime you share. Thank You