COVID-19 and H1N1 - The two pandemics and their consequences on human life: A Mini-Review
Keywords:COVID-19, H1N1, Pandemics, Quarantine, swine flu
Background: A global pandemic has always been the after-effect of lessened immunity in the human population. This is a brief narrative review comparing some points of both pandemics. Methods: A comparative study was conducted by data collection through published articles and official websites. Conclusion: The current pandemic has affected all aspects of life. Psychological issues are dominating in this COVID-19 pandemic especially in six different groups of people. Emergency responses process was slower in COVID-19 pandemic than that of H1N1. H1N1 pandemic of 2009 proved to have a lesser impact on education, traveling, even the mental state of people. COVID-19 and H1N1 infections have most of the similar things but distinctions are very subordinating.
Rewar S, Mirdha D, Rewar P. Treatment and Prevention of Pandemic H1N1 Influenza. Ann Glob Health. 2015;81(5):645-53. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.aogh.2015.08.014
Rothan HA, Byrareddy SN. The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. J Autoimmun. 2020;109:102433. Available from: doi: 10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433. Epub 2020 Feb 26.
Iftikhar S, Bakhtawar M, Rizwan H, Haq M. Awareness of swine flu among the medical students of Shaikh Zayed Medical College Rahim Yar Khan. Pak J Surg Med. 2020;1(1):68-71. Available from: doi: https://doi.org/10.37978/pjsm.v1i1.123
Coronavirus Update (Live): 18,259,022 Cases and 693,402 Deaths from COVID-19 Virus Pandemic – Worldometer[Internet]. Worldometers.info. 2020 [accesses on 2020 Aug 4]. Available from: https://www.worldometers.info/coronavirus/?utm_campaign=homeAdvegas1?
1918 Pandemic (H1N1 virus) CDC [Internet]. Cdc.gov. [cited 4 August 2020]. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov/flu/pandemic-resources/1918-pandemic-h1n1.html
Fowlkes AL, Arguin P, Biggerstaff MS, Gindler J, Blau D, Jain S, Dhara R, McLaughlin J, Turnipseed E, Meyer JJ, Louie JK, Siniscalchi A, Hamilton JJ, Reeves A, Park SY, Richter D, Ritchey MD, Cocoros NM, Blythe D, Peters S, Lynfield R, Peterson L, Anderson J, Moore Z, Williams R, McHugh L, Cruz C, Waters CL, Page SL, McDonald CK, Vandermeer M, Waller K, Bandy U, Jones TF, Bullion L, Vernon V, Lofy KH, Haupt T, Finelli L. Epidemiology of 2009 pandemic influenza A (H1N1) deaths in the United States, April-July 2009. Clin Infect Dis. 2011;52 Suppl 1:S60-8. Available from: doi: 10.1093/cid/ciq022.
Minxi Z, Jing Y. Who is ‘patient zero’ of COVID-19 pandemic? Here’s what we know[internet]. CGTN[accessed on 2020-August-5]. 2020-25-03. Available from: https://news.cgtn.com/news/2020-03-25/COVID-19-patient-zero-may-remain-an-unsolved-mystery-P952WNMudi/index.html
Fineberg HV. Pandemic preparedness and response–lessons from the H1N1 influenza of 2009. N Engl J Med. 2014;370(14):1335-42. Available from: doi: 10.1056/NEJMra1208802. Erratum in: N Engl J Med. 2015;372(2):197.
Wang Q, Zhang T, Zhu H, Wang Y, Liu X, Bai G, Dai R, Zhou P, Luo L. Characteristics of and Public Health Emergency Responses to COVID-19 and H1N1 Outbreaks: A Case-Comparison Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(12):4409. Available from: doi: 10.3390/ijerph17124409.
The Lancet Oncology. COVID-19: global consequences for oncology. Lancet Oncol. 2020;21(4):467. Available from: doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(20)30175-3.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Ali Fayyaz Ali, Iqra Amjad, Amrat
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Authors retain the copyright of their manuscripts, and all Open Access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.
Under CC-BY Liscence, you are free to
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- for any purpose, even commercially.
Please cite the author everytime you share. Thank You