Prevalence of nail-biting in children and its association with mental health in Pakistan
Keywords:nail biting, onycophagia, children, behavioral disorders, psychiatry, pediatrics
To determine the prevalence of nail-biting among children in Karachi and its association with behavioral disorders.
Sample size was parents of 171 children between the ages 4-10 selected by convenience sampling. Data collection was conducted with a use of questionnaire in two hospitals of Karachi. All participants of the study were explained the purpose of the study and written consent was obtained.
The overall prevalence of nail-biting in the sample was 39.2%. The prevalence in boys and girls was not statistically significant (P = 0.06). The mean total SDQ score was 15.3 (SD = 5.3) and the mean prosocial score was 6.8 (SD = 2.2). The comparison of the effect of a child’s schooling neither showed any significant effect on nail-biting frequency (P = 0.093) nor on SDQ score (P = 0.845).
To conclude more research should be done on the importance of nail biting in children, parents and pediatricians alike should pay special attention to children that bite their nails.
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