Prevalence of nail-biting in children and its association with mental health in Pakistan

Authors

  • Yamna Waseem Student, MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Wahdan Naseeb Student, MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Osama Farooqui Student, MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Anzal Imran Student, MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Hafsa Zarnab Student, MBBS, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Ibtehaj Ul Haq Student, MBBS, Dow Medical College, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan.
  • Imran Mansoor Student, MBBS, Jinnah Sindh Medical University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Zoobia Ramzan Assistant Professor, Institute of Behavioral Sciences, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37978/pjsm.v1i3.280

Keywords:

nail biting, onycophagia, children, behavioral disorders, psychiatry, pediatrics

Abstract

Objectives

To determine the prevalence of nail-biting among children in Karachi and its association with behavioral disorders.                          

Methodology

Sample size was parents of 171 children between the ages 4-10 selected by convenience sampling. Data collection was conducted with a use of questionnaire in two hospitals of Karachi. All participants of the study were explained the purpose of the study and written consent was obtained.

Results

The overall prevalence of nail-biting in the sample was 39.2%. The prevalence in boys and girls was not statistically significant (P = 0.06). The mean total SDQ score was 15.3 (SD = 5.3) and the mean prosocial score was 6.8 (SD = 2.2). The comparison of the effect of a child’s schooling neither showed any significant effect on nail-biting frequency (P = 0.093) nor on SDQ score (P = 0.845).

Conclusion

To conclude more research should be done on the importance of nail biting in children, parents and pediatricians alike should pay special attention to children that bite their nails.

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Published

2020-10-26

How to Cite

Waseem, Y., Naseeb, . M. W. ., Farooqui, M. O., Imran, M. A. ., Zarnab, H., Ul Haq, I., Mansoor, I., & Ramzan, Z. (2020). Prevalence of nail-biting in children and its association with mental health in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 1(3), e280. https://doi.org/10.37978/pjsm.v1i3.280