Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and Lockdown Measures on Mental Health

Authors

  • Tahira Gul Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Lubna Amir Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Sophia Abbasi Fatima Jinnah Medical University, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Hazrat Bilal Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Shazia Gul PAF Karachi Institute of Economics and Technology, Karachi, Pakistan

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37978/tijfs.v5i2.334

Abstract

Background: An Uncontrolled Novel COVID-19 started from Wuhan city of China in Late 2019 and spread worldwide has called for unprecedented measures, to prevent it Pakistan government Imposed lockdown on the entire country. Lockdown has a huge impact and affected on mental health of population. The present study aims to assess the effect of COVID-19 on mental health of population and identify the coping strategies to overcome this mental health issues caused by pandemic.

Methods: An online survey was administered from 26 May-14 June 2020 to 398 participants. Post Hoc test was performed to examine the associations between general health questionnaire GHQ-12 and socio-economic variables.

Results: Losing jobs due to pandemic and lockdown situation and using negative coping strategies were the factors associated with psychological disorders.This study shows high rates of anxiety and stress in younger population specifically in young women with higher odds of endorsing a worst mental health outcome. Outcomes were associated with a number of COVID-19 related risk factors such as challenging family relations, loss of job, no physical activity, financial burden, experiencing stress full events and suicidal ideation.

Conclusion: The present situation requires awareness in public media which could be helpful to deal with this and this present article provides details of COVID-19 pandemic situation on mental health of younger population.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Lu R, Zhao X, Li J, Niu P, Yang B, Wu H, et al. Genomic characterisation and epidemiology of 2019 novel coronavirus: implications for virus origins and receptor binding. 2020;395(10224):565-74 https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30251-8.

Mak IWC, Chu CM, Pan PC, Yiu MGC, Ho SC, Chan VLJGhp. Risk factors for chronic post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in SARS survivors. 2010;32(6):590-8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.genhosppsych.2010.07.007.

Xiang Y-T, Yu X, Ungvari GS, Correll CU, Chiu HF-KJEAAoP. Outcomes of SARS survivors in China: Not only physical and psychiatric co-morbidities. 2014;24(1):37 https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24676486/.

Liang L, Ren H, Cao R, Hu Y, Qin Z, Li C, et al. The Effect of COVID-19 on Youth Mental Health. Psychiatric Quarterly. 2020 https://doi.org/10.1007/s11126-020-09744-3.

Dowd JB, Andriano L, Brazel DM, Rotondi V, Block P, Ding X, et al. Demographic science aids in understanding the spread and fatality rates of COVID-19. 2020;117(18):9696-8 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2004911117.

SteelFisher GK, Blendon RJ, Ward JR, Rapoport R, Kahn EB, Kohl KSJTLID. Public response to the 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic: a polling study in five countries. 2012;12(11):845-50 https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(12)70206-2.

Webster RK, Brooks SK, Smith LE, Woodland L, Wessely S, Rubin GJJPH. How to improve adherence with quarantine: Rapid review of the evidence. 2020 doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2020.03.007.

Wang C, Pan R, Wan X, Tan Y, Xu L, Ho CS, et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. 2020;17(5):1729 doi: 10.3390/ijerph17051729.

Holmes EA, O'Connor RC, Perry VH, Tracey I, Wessely S, Arseneault L, et al. Multidisciplinary research priorities for the COVID-19 pandemic: a call for action for mental health science. 2020 https://doi.org/10.1016/S2215-0366(20)30168-1.

Lau JT, Griffiths S, Choi KC, Tsui HYJBID. Avoidance behaviors and negative psychological responses in the general population in the initial stage of the H1N1 pandemic in Hong Kong. 2010;10(1):139 https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2334-10-139.

Maya-Mondragón J, Sanchez-Roman FR, Palma-Zarco A, Aguilar-Soto M, Borja-Aburto VHJAomr. Prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder and depression after the September 19th, 2017 earthquake in Mexico. 2019;50(8):502-8 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arcmed.2019.11.008.

Pfefferbaum B, North CS. Mental health and the Covid-19 pandemic. New England Journal of Medicine. 2020 Apr 13 DOI: 10.1056/NEJMp2008017.

de Girolamo G, Polidori G, Morosini P, Scarpino V, Reda V, Serra G, et al. Prevalence of common mental disorders in Italy. 2006;41(11):853-61 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00127-006-0097-4

Mukhtar SJAJoP. Pakistanis’ mental health during the COVID-19. 2020 https://dx.doi.org/10.1016%2Fj.ajp.2020.102127.

Published

2021-03-14

How to Cite

Gul, T., Amir, L., Abbasi, S., Bilal, H., & Gul, S. (2021). Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic and Lockdown Measures on Mental Health. The International Journal of Frontier Sciences, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.37978/tijfs.v5i2.334

Most read articles by the same author(s)