Outcomes of Carotid Endarterectomy with Primary Closure
Background: Cerebrovascular ischemic cases are 3rd leading cause of fatality and neurologic dysfunction in adults. Atherosclerotic lesions outside the carotid cranial circulation are main cause of cerebral ischemia in almost 10-20 percent cases and carotid endarterectomy (CEA) has been proved beneficial for patients with severe carotid artery stenosis to prevent acute cerebrovascular events. Current study is conducted to assess the short-term outcomes of carotid endarterectomy among patients in terms of morbidities and mortalities at our institution during the study period.
Material and Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was carried out at Combined Military Hospital, Rawalpindi during August 2019 to July 2021 to analyze the short-term outcomes of carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with primary closure. All the patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy (CEA) with primary closure during study duration were included in the study. Patients who received selective shunting if Electro Encephalogram (EEG) changes noted were excluded from study. Data was collected after taking verbal consent by using preformed questionnaire. Frequency of morbidities like bleeding, infection, stroke, transient ischemic attacks (TIA), myocardial infarction, repeat operation and revision with stent were noted within postoperative period of one month. Frequency of mortalities in one-month postoperative period among patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy was also calculated. Data was entered and analyzed by using SPSS version 22.
Results: Total 198 patients who underwent carotid endarterectomy with primary closure during study duration were included in the study. Age range of the study participants was between 35 to 80 years. Male patients were 107 (54.04%). The comorbidities evaluated in the study participants showed that 172 (86.87%) patients were hypertensive and 73 (36.87%) has diabetes mellitus. The most frequent postoperative morbidities among patients were bleeding and repeat operation.
Conclusion: It is concluded that carotid endarterectomy with primary closure is a safe and effective surgical means of stroke prevention.
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